Difference Between Agile and Scrum (With Table)

Agile and Scrum are two of the many prominent methodologies found in Project management. Project managers are required to perform day-to-day tasks by working on ancillary plans, to fulfill the project requirement they supervise. They create plans for their projects by choosing among the list of management philosophies, each of them suiting to different plans.

Agile vs Scrum

The main difference between Agile and Scrum is that while Agile is a project management approach that works along the line of a central set of values or principles, Scrum is a subset of Agile that is used to implement what Agile methodology stands for. It is used to facilitate project management.

Agile vs Scrum

The methodology of Agile is a practice that helps to maintain continuous iteration of development and testing in the process of Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). It divides the product into multiple pieces to facilitate customer satisfaction and retention. Furthermore, The Agile approach brings businesses and developers together to work daily.

Scrum is one of the approaches to implement Agile. Scrum in Agile is a process within which a software development team can address any adaptive issues quickly and deliver products of the highest values in a short time. It has the roles of product owner, Scrum Master, and Scrum team who work collectively towards well-defined goals.

Comparison Table Between Agile and Scrum

Parameters of ComparisonAgileScrum
DefinitionAgile is a methodology for public management. It is most suitable for industries that don’t have a clear-cut idea from the beginning and are open to changes in the process.Scrum is a means/approach to process Agile. It is designed to make products in an environment that is at risk of changes.
ObjectivesUp-close and personal correspondence/interaction is underlined to attain the objective.The major spotlight is on conveying the utmost business esteem.
GroupsIn Agile, initiative plays a critical part.Scrum motivates a cross-utilitarian, self-coordinating group.
MethodsStraightforward plan creation and execution.It involves innovative and imaginative planning and execution.
SpeedThe greatest advantage of Agile is its adaptability as it responds to changes very quickly and positively.This approach is a fast process, so there remains not a lot of space for never-ending changes.
FrequencyThere are no regular meetups to keep a track of progress.Members of the team assemble for “daily Scrum” updates.

What is Agile?

Agile is an iterative software development methodology that uses short iterations of 1 to 4 weeks only. In this approach, the development process is lined up to deliver the changing business requirement. Furthermore, Agile development needs quick delivery to the end-user for their review.

In this development, each step like requirements, design, etc. is continuously supervised during the cycle. The project leader has to take care of all the tasks in the Agile process only. Moreover, it takes feedback and is adaptable to do changes accordingly to enhance the result. The update process is carried out throughout to satisfy the customers by timely delivery.

The basic underlying principle of Agile is to be flexible enough to make changes as per the requirement and to do so, the project manager assigns a fixed amount of time for each phase of a software project. The methodology’s roots are embedded in its 12 core principles in a very detailed manner.

What is Scrum?

Scrum is an approach to achieve agility that helps agile teams to work together cordially. It motivates the team to learn through practice and to self-organize themselves while working on the problem.

The Scrum Team consists of the product owner, Scrum Master, and development team who work in 1,2, and 3 weeks to attain the goal collectively. Scrum is not a methodology or a process but an easy-peasy and simple framework to address the tough problems of a project and deliver a high-value product creatively.

In daily meetings, teamwork is attained by setting the roles of the Scrum Master, product owners, and others. Since it is much quicker, there is no need to change much while this framework is being executed. A demonstration is given after every sprint and before going to the next step, and reviews are implemented.

Main Differences Between Agile and Scrum

  1. On one hand, the Agile methodology life cycle is a by and large usual model, in light of its higher progression needs to the situations this could involve a little expert gathering. On the other hand, Scrum is used in the tasks where the essentials are fastly developing.
  2. Agile is a methodology in itself while Scrum is a subset of Agile that is used to execute Agile.
  3. In agile, the drive needs to be a basic part, and Scrum facilitates a cross-utilitarian, self-organizing bunch.
  4. Clear-cut harmonization and execution are expected in Agile and innovative arrangements and execution is required in Scrum.
  5. Very close proximity correspondence is emphasized to attain the goal of Agile, though the pivotal spotlight of Scrum is on conveying the best business regard.


There exist various methodologies of project management that are aimed at achieving some different goals. Therefore, before choosing, one must go for what they want to gain. Agile and Scrum are two of the most renowned methods for the same task. There are numerous tech giants that have used agile frameworks to uplift the status of their organizations. Further, Scrum is a way or road to reach the destination called Agile.

The main contrast between Agile and Scrum is that while Agile is a framework that uses a core arrangement of values or standards, Scrum is a particular Agile theory that is utilized to achieve goals that involve no adaptability issues. A crystal clear distinction between Agile and Scrum is needed so that one can use them in ventures as per the requirements.


  1. http://users.jyu.fi/~mieijala/kandimateriaali/Agile-Manifesto.pdf 
  2. https://billlewistraining.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/PMP-Agile-Study-Materials.pdf 
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