Difference Between Affirm and Confirm (With Table)

It is usual for people to exchange terms that sound alike in their discussions or even employ them in social situations. Homophones are words that have similar sounds but distinct meanings. Even the best English scholars make mistakes like these from time to time. Affirm and Confirm are two common word combinations that are frequently misunderstood as the opposite. Affirm is a verb is that is employed in a few instances.

Affirm vs Confirm

The main difference between the affirm and the confirm is that affirm is spoken strongly or loudly. On the other hand, confirm is that something is said privately and is used to prove the veracity or validity of something.

Affirm has only one meaning: to make a positive assertion and utilize it as a statement or a reason. Affirm may also mean to express something gravely and might use it in a legal sense.

The term “confirm” has two different meanings. The first is to demonstrate the statement’s legitimacy, while the second is to promote its authenticity. Confirm can be used to state that truth is accurate and right and that something has occurred or will occur. It can relate to boosting or reinforcing a viewpoint, sentiment, or position, for example.

Comparison Table Between Affirm and Confirm

Parameters Of ComparisonAffirmConfirm
DefinitionAffirm is to express anything unequivocally or to show one’s approval for; maintain; protect. Affirm is often used in a legal setting.To confirm anything implies to verify its truth or legitimacy. Confirmation can also be used to connect with religious practice.
The word comes from
Affirm is derived from the Latin affirmer.
Confirm is derived from the Latin word confirmate.
AdjectiveThe adjective in this case is affirmable.The adjective in this case is confirmable.
NounAffirmation is the noun in this case.Comfortability is the noun in this case.
Examples
“The DNA test findings proved that he was Rakhi’s father.” There is sufficient evidence to determine or affirm the preceding assertion.
“Her results were confirmed by her mother.” The mother has freely expressed her views.
Used in It is applicable in a legal setting.It refers to a religious ceremony.

What is Affirm?

Affirm can be spoken loudly and emphatically. It is intended to be a verb meaning with just a few objects and the requirement for a direct subject, in contrast to intransitive verbs. When it comes to its origins, affirm is taken from the Latin phrase affirmance, which was derived from the phrase firmware, which means to strengthen.

She was holding the infant in her hands, for example. The infant is the main object of holding in this case.

The intonation of the statement shows that the woman was undoubtedly carrying the baby, and it is said in a confident and forceful tone. Affirm also has another connotation. It is to express your commitment by showing your support for something or someone to whom you are loyal.

Consider the following: His father was a determined army officer who was always faithful to his Mother Nature and would always be on his people’s side. The cop is seen to be devoted to his nation and to convey his solidarity with the people in this scene.

What is Confirm?

When we consider its origins, we can see that confirm is based on the Latin word confirmed, which means to reaffirm or perform. Confirming is stating unequivocally that the truth or proposition is true. It is most usually used to claim anything that may be a mistaken belief or something which needs to be confirmed.

The most prevalent application of “confirmation” is concerning events and is performed by reporters. Before including information in a piece, a journalist will validate it with a second or even third source. As a result, the most popular definition of confirmation is to offer more proof of reality, generally of a snippet of information

For example, the authorities discovered evidence confirming that the killer was a member of the Maharaja family.

It demonstrates that there must be some evidence to accept the police account. Confirmation, according to Christian doctrine, is a type of sacrament that is bestowed on a person to declare them as a full member of the congregation.

If you need to assign someone to a certain job, the phrase ‘confirm’ might be useful, and it is also used to announce the death or birth of someone significant. It was confirmed, for example, that the King would be crowned King on the night of his birthday. The birth of the Sharma family’s potential heir was announced earlier this month.

Main Differences Between Affirm and Confirm

  1. Affirm is used to convey official agreement to any lawful transaction, while confirm is used to declare a person’s ideas or beliefs with solid conviction.
  2. Although affirm is frequently used favourably, it can also be used in either favourable and unfavourable contexts.
  3. Alternative synonyms for affirm include justify, proclaim, or assert, while their antonyms include forbid, reject, and so forth. Confirm may also mean accept, verify, or defend, while its antonyms include invalid, disconfirming, or deny.
  4. Depending on the context, affirm can be argued to be a transitive or intransitive verb. Confirm is mostly a transitive verb.
  5. For example, we cannot confirm that the gem is genuine. However, the robber confessed to his crime, and it was determined that the gem was a forgery.

Conclusion

Confirm and affirm are two terms in the English language which are frequently confused. This mistake is most likely due to the similarity of intonation and a special relationship that the two terms have insignificance.

Affirm means to verify or declare affirmatively, to claim as true, and to convey someone else’s commitment; confirm means to approve, reinforce, and provide reassurance. It has been observed that confirm is used for both favorable and unfavorable statements, but affirm is mostly utilized for positive phrases.

In any event, affirm and confirm are two distinct terms that may be used to indicate a variety of connotations in a variety of contexts, thus their definitions must be carefully scrutinized.

References

  1. https://n.neurology.org/content/68/17/1390.short
  2. https://www.pnas.org/content/104/12/4967.short