Difference Between ADHD and Gifted (With Table)

Children who exhibit extreme intelligence or high skills in a specific area are often called gifted. However, these children have increased chances of developing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

A child with ADHD may have trouble in school, but they can’t be diagnosed until at least seven years old. Even then, it’s not always easy to tell the difference between ADHD symptoms and exceptional brain development.

Gifted children are easier to diagnose because they’ve already shown exceptional intelligence or skill. The signs of ADHD are more subtle and difficult to detect. This is why giftedness is usually detected before ADHD.

ADHD vs Gifted

The main difference between ADHD and Gifted is that ADHD youngsters have difficulty maintaining concentration on most tasks. On the other hand, Gifted children have more intense and concentrated concentrations than children who are not gifted.

Difference Between ADHD and Gifted

ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is a behavioral condition that makes focusing on simple requests and routines challenging. People with ADHD may also have trouble controlling their impulses. The symptoms of ADHD can significantly impact a child’s school performance and social skills. A person with ADHD has trouble paying attention and concentrating on tasks. It may be hard for them to keep focus during long lectures or when reading. This can make schoolwork difficult and lead to poor grades in school.

A talented student demonstrates exceptional proficiency in reading, writing, mathematics, the arts, and sciences at their age level. A gifted youngster may also have advanced ability in leadership, the artistic and performing arts, and other forms of creative expression. Gifted students may also excel at reasoning and abstract thinking. Teachers can spot exceptional pupils by conducting continuing evaluations and comparing a student’s performance to that of their peers.

Comparison Table Between ADHD and Gifted

Parameters of ComparisonADHDGifted
Description ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, a mental disorder that impairs a child’s ability to concentrate, sit quietly, pay attention, and control their impulses.Gifted students have remarkable talents, abilities, or prospects that demand special adjustments to meet their academic needs.
SymptomsSymptoms of ADHD are: excessive physical activity an excessive amount of talking They are unable to wait for their turn. Acts without considering the consequences. disrupting people’s talksSymptoms of Gifted children are: Infancy has a lower demand for sleep. The attention span is rather long. The high degree of activity. Early recognition of caregivers.
Focus   ADHD children quickly lose focus over simple chores.Gifted youngsters may concentrate more intensely and for more extended periods.
Treatment People with ADHD can benefit from professional educational therapists, physicians, developmental-behavioral pediatricians, organizational coaches, neurologists, and child psychiatrists.The difference between a talented and a typical youngster is balanced through a combination of psychotherapies and socialization.
Activeness The majority of gifted youngsters are pretty active.The majority of ADHD youngsters are hyperactive.
Attentiveness Even with the simplest chores, ADHD youngsters become inattentive.Gifted kids pay attention better than ADHD kids.

What is ADHD?

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a condition in which people have trouble paying attention and controlling impulsive behaviors.

There are symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, but ADHD sufferers’ attention, ability to sit still, and overall self-control are influenced by differences in brain development and activity. ADHD can affect a child’s schooling, home life, and interpersonal interactions.

 Children with ADHD may be hyperactive and struggle to concentrate or become easily distracted and forgetful. They tend to act without thinking, are restless, and struggle to sit still or take turns.

A child with ADHD can be an attentive listener at one moment and completely forget what you just said a moment later. A child with ADHD may have trouble paying attention in class and completing homework assignments but may have no trouble focusing on games or television. If you’re concerned about your child, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare provider for an evaluation as soon as possible.

Children with ADHD often need more supervision than other children their age because they may find it hard to restrain themselves from dangerous situations or activities.

What is Gifted?

Gifted students have remarkable talents, abilities, or prospects that demand special adjustments to meet their academic needs. Given their age, gifted children are born with inherent talents significantly superior to the ordinary.

A gifted student possesses the outstanding talent and is capable of high performance. If gifted students have a good command of essential knowledge and skills, they should perform at an advanced intellectual level in one or more subjects. The gifted student should be able to use logical thinking and show high motivation levels. In addition, the child should learn new knowledge and skills independently and at a faster rate than their peers.

Giftedness is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Scientists have found that giftedness often runs in families where creativity is valued and encouraged. 

Gifted students can be identified through standardized intelligence tests, such as the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV). However, not every student who gets high marks on an IQ test is considered gifted. A child must excel in at least one area of ability and achieve above-average results in other areas of ability.

Main Differences Between ADHD and Gifted 

  1. The vast majority of brilliant children are very active, but most ADHD children are hyperactive.
  2. Professional educational therapists, physicians, organizational coaches, developmental-behavioral pediatricians, neurologists, and child psychiatrists can help ADHD patients. In contrast, the difference between a gifted and a typical child can be balanced through a combination of psychotherapies and socialization.
  3. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects a child’s ability to focus, pay attention, sit quietly, and regulate their impulses. On the other hand, gifted pupils are students who have exceptional talents and abilities that necessitate specific academic accommodations.
  4. ADHD children become inattentive even when doing the most basic tasks. On the other hand, Gifted kids pay attention better than ADHD youngsters.
  5. ADHD kids might quickly lose attention on easy tasks, but gifted kids can focus more intensively and for more extended periods.

Conclusion

The difference between ADHD in gifted and non-gifted children is how these symptoms present themselves. For example, a gifted child might be more likely to have periods when they pay attention to detail rather than have ongoing issues with paying attention. Likewise, a gifted child might only act hyperactive or impulsive when they’re bored with the task at hand.

The challenge for parents is that even experts and professional psychiatrists find it difficult to diagnose ADHD. Parents may feel that their child has been misdiagnosed, but most psychiatrists are familiar with the signs of ADHD and will make an accurate diagnosis if the condition is present in their patient.

Gifted children are quickly identified, but there’s no easy test for ADHD. If you feel your child has been misdiagnosed, ask for a second opinion from another psychiatrist who specializes in childhood disorders.

References

  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02783193.2012.627551
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02783190409554245