Difference Between Accounting and Auditing (With Table)

The accountants and auditors look after the firm’s financial accounts, maintain a track record of all the finances, and keep them updated. These economic declarations, which include the balance sheet, income statement, and statement of cash flows, are prepared by accountants.

Aside from that, an accountant may be reliable for various other tasks, including bookkeeping, keeping track of expenses and payments, estimating future earnings and cash outgoing, and tax trials.

The accountant can work in both ways, either being a full-time employee or helping another firm manage its finances and prepare for tax-related purposes.

Accounting vs Auditing

The main difference between accounting and auditing is that accounting is analysing, classifying, summarising, and keeping records of transactions of an organisation or an entity, on the other hand auditing is examining the financial records of the organisation or any person. It is necessary for legal purposes. 

The accounting is done to demonstrate the financial transactions related with day to day activities of the company or an individual. They are in summarised form so that it is easy to refer to and under the financial statements during the time of requirement. 

Auditing is a step-by-step procedure of unassisted examination or analysis of the financial information of any firm or an individual and making a statement that is free from biases and has valid data as it is necessary for legal matters. 

Comparison Table Between Accounting and Auditing

Parameters of comparison Accounting Auditing
Definition Accounting is the arrangement of the organisation’s financial records to keep track of profits and taxes paid. Auditing is the inspection of the financial documents submitted by the organisation and making it error-free. 
Goal The main goal of doing accounting is to understand the gains and losses of the company. The auditing is done to correct the company’s financial records and issue them an accurate, unbiased report. 
Key deliverables Income Statement, tax paid, cash flows, etc. Audit report.
Performed byIt is performed by an accountant. It is performed by an auditor.
Governed byAccounting Standards Standards on auditing
Duration Accounting is done from time to time to keep records of their monetary transactions hassle-free at the time of requirement. Auditing is an infrequent event and it is done by the end of the year mainly to verify the monetary track records of the company.

What is Accounting?

Accounting is commonly used in business, and it helps to maintain the financial activities of an organization or any individual. It is done by classifying and analyzing transactions in various other categories, making it very manageable at the time of urgency.

Therefore, it is essential to understand the financial assertion before conveying it to interested people. 

Accounting’s principal purpose is to offer important information, particularly financial details, for the conclusion. Accounting areas include cost accounting, management accounting, tax accounting, financial accounting, human resource accounting, and social responsibility accounting. The primary goals of accounting are mentioned below:

  • Bulletin, subsidiary books, and trial balances are all managed to keep factual records.
  • Calculation of the outcomes based on the data kept by Trading and Profit & Loss Account.
  • The balance sheet is used to demonstrate the company’s financial situation. 
  • The interested parties also want to know about solvency and liquidity-related information about the company. 

What is Auditing?

Auditing is a systemic approach to making financial statements about the company’s monetary transactions or an entity. The statements released in auditing are authentic and free from any false plays. They have a legal role and are mandatory for all the companies or organisations to do auditing to keep the record of their finances. 

Auditing is a thorough, nonpartisan examination of all aspects of transactions, including coupons, invoices, accounting records, and relevant documents, in an attempt to decide the monetary statement’s legitimacy and credibility.

Furthermore, a thorough examination might reveal fraudulent practices, as well as willful account tampering, misuse, and so on.

The auditors will evaluate the financial records for correctness and openness, as well as conformity with reporting standards and whether or not taxation has been appropriately paid. 

The person who appoints the auditor receives a report on the accurate and fair view. The following are the two types of audit reports:

  • The auditor gives the financial report, which is authentic, to the person who has appointed the auditor to do the auditing which also helps in legal formalities.
  • The auditing can be done in two ways that are internal and external. The company’s management team conducts the internal auditing for the analysis of finances. At the same time, external auditing is carried out by the company’s stakeholders. 

Main Differences Between Accounting and Auditing

  1. Accounting is done to keep the records of the monetary transactions of the organisation for the requisite period, and it is done by the company itself by analysing the financial system. In contrast, auditing is done in an analytical manner that issues a valid statement regarding transactions of the organisation.
  2. Accounting is way too simple than auditing as it is done by accountants, and they keep the primary required data about finances. While auditing is done by auditors specialising in this field, auditing is a complex procedure.
  3. The accounting is done to keep an eye on the profits and losses of the company by analysing and maintaining the records, and auditing is done to validate the financial statements or documents formed by the company.  
  4. Accounting can be done anytime according to the organisation’s needs, whereas auditing is occasional. 
  5. Accounting is performed to maintain the track of the organisation’s transactions and may have errors, while auditing is accurate with all facts and used in legal procedures.

Conclusion

Accounting and auditing are indeed professional disciplines, but auditing has a broader scope over accounting because it requires a complete study of numerous legislation, tax regulations, accounting principles, and reporting standards, along with language skills.

Besides that, the key characteristics that must be followed while completing the auditing are secrecy, morality, sincerity, and impartiality. The examiner’s reports assist financial information like lenders, stakeholders, investors, vendors, borrowers, customers, authorities, and others in making reasonable decisions.